perfect infinitive


perfect infinitive
perfect infinitive
This is the type to have been, to have said, etc., and occurs most commonly after the verbs appear and seem: She appeared to have encouraged him / That seemed to have been an isolated incident. In each case the reported event occurred before the time of the statement itself. If the event and the reporting occur at the same time, a present (or present continuous) infinitive is used instead: She appeared to be encouraging him / That seemed to be an isolated incident. For the type would have liked (or preferred) to have been, see have 2; like (verb).

Modern English usage. 2014.

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